CI/CD Pipeline Structure


On this article, we’re doing to debate how CI/CD pipeline structure and its E2E journey, which inclusive of integrating Unit testing and code protection.


Please discover the under stakeholders who’re concerned whereas establishing CI/CD pipeline.

  • Improvement Engineer
  • DevOps Engineer
  • Architect


  • Why do we want CI/CD pipeline
  • What it offers as an final result.
  • Configuration Setup Hook ( Deployment Group, Construct and Launch)
  • How one can combine Unit Testing and Code protection report within the Construct pipeline.
  • Why do we want Guide Deployment for Higher Atmosphere?

Why do we want CI/CD pipeline?

In in the present day’s setting, the whole lot we expect is a mounted strategy, so why do we have to wait an extended period for deployment? Additionally, we’re doing Automation in Testing, Why cannot apply the identical strategy within the Deployment cycle? That is the triggering level right here, so the CI/CD means Continous Integration and Steady Deployment. It implies, as soon as the code is dedicated, the system will robotically kick-start the construct, do unit testing, and eventually deploy into the respective setting accordingly with out handbook effort. We have to do just a few setups to work on this, nevertheless, it is not that a lot onerous to arrange. I want to advocate making use of CI/CD whereas beginning the challenge itself, whether it is Greenfield growth and for brownfield growth, we have to allocate separate duties or time for a similar. 

What it offers as an final result

It isn’t a testable process as consumer story growth, so do not count on to create a growth and testing process whereas engaged on this function. It is automation work, the place you’re decreasing handbook work and dashing up our day-to-day actions, the place we do want to attend an extended tempo to get launched within the server or just a few additional follow-ups to deploy or make certain deployment is completed within the server. We are able to implement this in a few strategies. Firstly attempt to create it within the preliminary setting, possibly when you’ve got a growth integration setting then please do it, in any other case, begin with QA, as soon as you’re glad, then clone it in numerous levels with the respective configurations. 

The end result of this CI/CD pipeline is 

  • Deployment in all Server as soon as the consumer dedicated the code., All server means, possibly in Dev you’ve just one server, nevertheless, QA could have three servers, so make certain, artefacts are deployed in all configured servers. If any server is lacking, then please test the deployment group configuration. 
  • In a position to provoke unit testing or snapshot testing, which suppose to get profitable, in any other case construct suppose to fail.
  • Getting Code protection report
  • We are able to see the construct pipeline end result, because the listing of things is completed whereas the construct pipeline completed. 
  • Within the construct end result, we now have a chosen tab, which lists out Unit check instances and code coverages. 

Configuration Setup Hook

Please make certain just a few configurations whereas establishing CI/CD pipeline as step-by-step

  1. Deployment Group: That is the place the place we have to arrange or register your server machine to grasp the place we have to push the artefacts.
  2. Construct Pipeline: You might have a few choices, the place we will write it as YAML script, in any other case, go along with the traditional wizard strategy. It is as much as you, which one you favor.
    1. Devour a Pool which pertains to your challenge.
    2. npm, construct, to construct your artefacts
    3. npm check, ensure you have this command in your bundle.config file
    4. makes certain you employ jest and protection bundle to do your unit testing and generate protection report. 
  3. Launch Pipeline: That is the world, the place we have to configure the next gadgets
    1. Devour the respective artefacts
    2. Configure the deployment group in response to the setting
    3. Setup whether or not you wish to make it a Continous Deployment or Guide Deployment
    4. Create an Utility pool if required and attempt to keep away from the creation of an app pool for React or angular-based functions.
    5. Configure variables and get these variables in response to the setting whereas doing the deployment.
    6. Lastly, make certain runs as soon as the deployment is completed. 

How one can combine Unit Testing and Code protection report within the Construct pipeline.

This part is non-compulsory, nevertheless, I want to advocate right here, preserve this as a mandate in your challenge. Initially, it could be a bit cumbersome work, nevertheless, ultimately, it offers plenty of advantages after we see it within the very long time run. We are able to utilise this module for our regression testing in future. Attempt to apply this process as a skeleton, whereas kick begins your challenge as a result of whoever works on this challenge, will look into this, then additionally they attempt to apply it in their very own modules. So it is easy to proceed, as a substitute of re-inventing the wheel later cut-off date. 

You possibly can eat whichever check bundle fits you, I used enzyme, jest and JUnit for testing and code protection reviews. 

The code protection is one which says how a lot code lined out of your unit check case, this offers an thought about what are modules you lined and which can not, so this offers an thought about do you wish to cowl something additional or if it is good to go forward.

Additionally really helpful strategy within the unit check case, please attempt to focus in your modules as a substitute of the entire software.

Why do we want Guide Deployment for Higher Atmosphere?

That is relevant to safety considerations and processes, Usually we segregate as a few environments which as decrease and better. The decrease setting is one the place the developer has entry finish to finish, and the higher setting is the one which can be a black field for a developer or read-only entry. 

Principally, we want this course of, so as to add a third-party eye whereas we do something. In UAT, staging and Stay, often the deployment group has full management, so whereas kick begins deployment on this setting, as per course of we want their consent to push the artefacts within the respective servers as a result of they’re the one who has plenty of possession on that setting. If there may be any subject, the deployment group is the one who acts first SPOC. So simply make certain, to maintain aligning the identical kind of organisation course of. 

I hope this text gave just a few concepts about CI/CD pipeline vital for our challenge. In case you have any kind of query, please increase it, will pop-in…

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